Viscontipens

Luxury handcrafted pens, fountain pens, ink pens

Luxury handcrafted pens, fountain pens, ink pens

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Technique

The perfect solution

Visconti, the creator of the travelling ink pot, proudly introduces its ’97 Travelling Ink Pot which makes your piston filling fountain pen convenient, easier, cleaner, safer, faster and more enjoyable. The ’97 Travelling Ink Pot lets you fill your fountain pen:

  1. Anywhere, anytime
  2. To capacity
  3. With no ink touching the grip section
  4. By utilizing 100% of the ink inside the ink pot
  5. Conveniently, safely, cleanly

No more travelling with glass ink bottles! No more messy grip section! No more pouring ink from a half used bottle into another! Actually, more than a “travelling” ink pot, the ’97 Travelling Ink Pot is sure to become your preferred method of filling your fountain pen at home or in your office, as well as when travelling. The Visconti Travelling Ink Pot has been tested on most fountain pens which are currently available. Considering the enormous number of models available we advise you to always carry out a test-fill using water before using the ink pot.

ATTENTION: Antique or older pens which use a rubber holder, a lever or a push button for filling can not be filled using this ink pot.

Travelling Ink Pot

Piston fountain pens

While filling hold the pen and the ink pot together.
Instructions for filling your piston fountain pens using the Visconti portable ink well.
To practice filling your pen, it is recommended that you try the following operation once or twice with water.

filltravelpiston_1

  1. Remove the stopper, pulling gently
  2. Fill the ink well with the dropper, taking care not to stain the seal
  3. Do not overfill!! The correct level is about 1 cm (1/4 inch) below the seal
  4. Unscrew the blind cap of the pen allowing any remaining ink to drop in the ink well
  5. Press the pen firmly in into the ink well (the section must secure the seal)
  6. Upturn the ink well and the pen
  7. Fill the pen and screw the blind cap back into position
  8. To increase the capacity of the pen, repeat the filling operation (unscrew the blind cap and screw it back into position)
  9. Turn until the pen is in the 12 o’clock position and the ink well in the 6 o’clock position and gently remove the pen from the ink well
  10. Carefully dry the nib and the filler
  11. Inside the stopper there is a piece of cotton wool in case of emergency. Lift the stopper with a coin

Visconti “High vacuum power filler”

Instructions for filling your Visconti pen with the Visconti portable ink well.
To practice filling your pen, it is recommended that you try the following operation once or twice with water.

filltravelpower

  1. Remove the stopper, pulling gently
  2. Fill the ink well with the dropper, taking care not to stain the seal
  3. Do not overfill!! The correct level is about 1 cm (1/4 inch) below the seal
  4. Press the pen firmly in into the ink well (the section must secure the seal)
  5. Unscrew the blind cap of the pen
  6. Remove the piston from the pen
  7. Upturn the ink well and the pen
  8. Press the piston once firmly and count to five
  9. To increase the capacity of the pen, repeat steps 6. and 8.
  10. Turn the ink well again, whilst holding it, re-screw the blind cap to the pen
  11. Remove the pen from the ink well taking care not to touch the seal with the nib (so as not to stain it)
  12. Immediately replace the stopper back in the ink well
  13. Carefully dry the nib
  14. Inside the stopper there is a piece of cotton wool in case of emergency. Lift the stopper with a coin

Converter fountain pens

Instructions for filling your cartridge-converter fountain pens with the Visconti portable ink well
To practice filling your pen, it is recommended that you try the following operation once or twice with water.

filltravelconverter

  1. Remove the stopper, pulling gently
  2. Fill the ink well with the dropper, taking care not to stain the seal
  3. Do not overfill!! The correct level is about 1 cm (1/4 inch) below the seal
  4. Unscrew the barrel of the pen and empty the converter by resting the section on the ink well
  5. Press the section in into the ink well (the section must secure the seal)
  6. Upturn the ink well and the pen
  7. Fill the converter by turning the knob
  8. Turn the ink well
  9. Screw the pen back into the section and remove it by pulling gently
  10. Immediately replace the stopper back in the ink well
  11. Carefully dry the nib and the filler
  12. Inside the stopper there is a piece of cotton wool in case of emergency. Lift the stopper with a coin.

Use and Maintenance

Double reservoir power filler

The problem of leakage, due to variations in pressure or temperature, has always been historically connected with every fountain pen. This occurs in areas of hight altitude or during air travel or when there are abrupt changes from low to high temperatures. These variations cause the air to expand in the reservoir and this, in turn, causes the ink to spill out from the nib. The grater the changes in pressure, the greater the leakage and, at the same time, the greater the quantity of air in the filler, the greater the amount of ink leaking from the nib. In the more than one hundred-year history of the fountain pen engineers have partially resolved the problem by applying a series of combs on the feed. These combs, seen on every fountain pen, trap small quantities of ink from entering cap of the pen. However there are serious limitation in this system. In fact, the efficiency of the combs is limited only to pens with very small reservoirs, i.e. a cartridge (a capacity of about 0,8 cc.). The problem is that if we consider that ink reservoirs have an average capacity of 1cc., the user is allowed very limited writing autonomy.

The Visconti Patent allows the pen to be refilled with whatever quantity of ink is desired, the volume depending solely on the size of the pen and the plunger, avoiding leakage of any kind. The barrel is divided into two sections, one smaller and one larger, which are separated by a cut-off valve. This allows a very small amount of ink to be used from reservoir and uses the larger reservoir as a back-up. When the ink in the smaller reservoir runs out, the valve can be moved back few millimeters using the blind cap and thereby transferring the ink from the larger reservoir to the smaller. When it is full, visible from the ink window, the blind cap can be screwed back in place and valve, pressing against the small reservoir, seals it off.

  1. From the back end of the barrel, unscrew the blind cap I
  2. Pull the plunger all the way out stopping when you meet resistance (Fig. 1)
  3. Dip the section into the ink until the section is covered
  4. Depress the plunger downward with one single stroke
  5. Count to five, allowing the filling of the pen, then remove the pen from the ink
  6. Screw the blind cap on (Fig. 3)
  7. Now the pen is ready to use. You can see the ink through the ink window C (Fig. 3)
  8. When your pen runs out of ink (Fig 4 – ink window C empty) is time to refill
  9. Unscrew the blind cap (Fig. 2) holding the nip upward
  10. Now reverse the nib point downward allowing the ink to slow from the reservoir G into reservoir D (Fig. 2)
  11. Screw blind cap on (Fig. 3)
  12. it is not necessary to wipe nib again.

Important tips

Never fill reservoir D (ink window) before this is completely empty;
If you need to mail your pen or you want to put it into your briefcase, you can remove ink from reservoir D by unscrewing blind cap and allow ink to go back into reservoir G holding the nib upwards. Now in the same position screw on blind cap again. Ink window D is empty and you have your ink safely sealed into your pen, in reservoir G.

Maintenance

Once a year flush your pen with cold water and apply some silicon oil in the piston rod F (Fig. 1).
Visconti provides a silicon sponge, ask to your dealer.

Power filler

  1. From the back end of the barrel, unscrew the blind cap
  2. Pull the rod all the way out stopping when you meet resistance
  3. Submerge the nib into the ink until the front end of the section is covered
  4. Depress the plunger downward with one single stroke
  5. Count to ten (allowing the pen to fill) and then remove from the ink
  6. Screw the blind cap back into the barrel end
  7. Before writing, carefully:
    • bolt the feed (underside of the nib) dry with a soft cotton cloth or tissue to remove excess ink and then
    • bolt the equivalent of seven drops of ink from the nib by wiping the nib surface against a cotton cloth or tissue with seven strokes.
      This is very important to insure proper ink flow and eliminate overflow immediately after filling;
  8. To release ink from pen repeat points 1, 2, 4 and 6, taking care not to immerge the nib in ink
  9. For proper maintenance, once a month fill and flush three to five times with distilled or spring water (cool or room temperature, never hot)
  10. For optimal performance, use Visconti inks (or any other washable fountain pen ink). You should lubricate the rod periodically with a clear silicone spray or liquid as needed (at least once a year).

Piston filler

One of the oldest techniques used to fill fountain pens. Originally developed from German brands and from the U.S. Conklin “Nozac” , it consists in a piston activated from a non-ending screw under the blind cap or directly connected to the blind cap.

  1. Unscrew the cap of the pen and the prospective cover at the bottom of the barrel
  2. Turn the knob at the bottom of the barrel counterclockwise to empty the ink reserve
  3. Turn the knob clockwise to fill the pen holding the nib completely immerged in the ink
  4. Release a few drops back into the ink well
  5. Again, turn clockwise to finish filling by holding the nib pointed upwards
  6. Carefully wipe using Visconti blotter or a soft tissue.

Converter

The system consists of a refillable cartridge with a small piston mechanism. The converter can be removed and substituted by a disposable cartridge.

Cartridge

The system consists of a disposable reservoir called a cartridge. Easy and fast, it is the simplest way to fill a fountain pen. Visconti uses international cartridges available in many colors, in two standard sizes (Pelikan), small or double.

Roller

A roller is a ball point tipped refill with special ink that allows smooth writing. Normally rollers required a cap to avoid drying. Visconti uses a “safety” refill that allows the pen to be sometime uncapped for a length of time without drying.

Ball point

In all its instruments Visconti uses Parker size refills for easy replacement. We carry special points like BB (double broad). Ask your nearest Visconti dealers. Kaweco Sport uses mignon refill.

Push and pull touchdown

  1. Push the blind cap at the end of the barrel to release the mechanism
  2. Pull the the rod all the way out, stopping when you meet resistance
  3. Submerge the nib in to the ink until the grip section is covereid
  4. Depress the plunger downward with one single stroke
  5. Blot the feed (underside of the nib) with the cotton cloth to remove the exceed of ink and eliminate the overflow immediately after filling
  6. To release ink from the pen, repeat point 1, 2 and 4

Basic Materials

Celluloid

This material was invented by the Hyatt brothers in 1864 and is made from cotton, alcohol, camphor. The entire process to reach a workable material lasts from 4 to 8 months depending on the thickness. In fact the drying process is very important. Pens made in celluloid are made by two main processes:

  • By Wrapping
  • Turned from a solid block

Both processes have advantages and disadvantages.

Wrapping:

A 2/3 millimeters sheet celluloid is cut in long strips and rolled around a rod or pulled through a cone. The tube which is then obtained, is glued at the seam and dried for 20 days.

Advantages: Color is constant throughout the pen, no material is wasted.
Disadvantages: In some colors the seam can be visible.

Turned from solid rods:

Advantages: Easy execution for all shapes possible.
Disadvantages: only a limited amount of patterns are available, 80% of material is wasted.

Properties of celluloid

Easy to color, allows many colors and designs. Its composition is totally anallergic, it partially absorbs humidity from the hands, so it feels smooth and comfortable. Shock absorbment (Technical : resilience) so it is an excellent material for pens.

Problems with celluloid

During manufacturing can be easy flammable and the process requires adequate precautions, it becomes soft at only 70 degrees. Constant exposure to light can cause abnormal drying and can becomes fragile! As in this case of some vintage pens.

Storage

Store in dark ventilated place at not more than 25/30 degrees.

Cleaning

Silicon sponge like those use to clean shoes.

Antique Ivory

A few years ago two large antique ivory tusks were offered to Visconti from one of its dealers. Each was more than 1 meter in length and over 20 kilos in weight.

This material was purchased during the second world war with accompanying records clearly demonstrating its origin.
In accordance with present international regulations and under the control of Cites authority, Visconti received authorization to use this material.

After careful investigation and tests the first pens were produced and one piece was donated to Pen World Magazine for their 10th anniversary.

The main problem is that ivory can be easily stained by ink and can break if exposed to heat or humidity. These problems were resolved by applying a fine coating on the ivory and by working on its tolerance. We are proud to say that we have produced the most collectible pen in the world made out of diamonds, gold, ivory, or simply gold and ivory like ancient Greek statues.
Those lucky enough to own such masterpieces will surely see their pens increase in value in the coming years.
Visconti has used most of its stock for the “Taj Mahal” and some small pieces for the “Leopardi”.

Bachelite

From 1900 until 1960 it was the material most widely used material in mass production. It has now been substituted by injection molded plastics. Production process: the material in powder form, is pressed in a mould. The male mold presses the powder at 150 degrees. This process is called press-molding because pressure and heat are used to harden the material.

The main property, still unsurpassed, is its resistance to heat and low electrical conductivity. Since 1900 bachelite was been commonly used in everyday common objects such as telephones, radios, electrical devices, housewares, as wells jewelery.
Visconti offers one model in bachelite, the “Montecarlo”. The only pen that can resist to 200 heat!

Acrylics

At the beginning of the Fifties plastic lived its golden age. Thermoplastics as polyester, ABS, PVC and Plexiglas (that are shaped through injection of melted material) were frequently used to rapidly produce the most different tools at low costs and in a wide range. There are many different kinds of plastics ranged according to their infrangibility, flexibility and resistance to light and wearing.

The acrylics are among the best resins for fountain pens production, and are especially appreciated for the brightness of their colours. Recently acrylics have been used to produce mottled and spotted effects resembling to celluloid, with really impressive results. In this case indeed it’s not possible to inject the material directly in moulds in order to obtain the pens, we absolutely need to turn the previously coloured material plates.

This is another historical material for fountain pens: the oldest. This material was first invented by a very well know inventor: Charles Goodyear. Its composition is rubber vulcanized with sulfur and this was the first material used to make fountain pens. Unfortunately not many makers are left and most of them have little knowledge of the process used to make the colors of those early pens.

In six years of experience working with ebonite we noticed that the quality of this material is variable, mainly due to its principal use. Today it is no longer used for fine objects but used in technical devices with no consideration for aesthetic requirements. In fact the old beautiful mottled and ripple ebonites have disappeared forever.

Colors today are opaque. Colorants used in the past such as iron oxide are proving to be cancerous and therefore are no longer in use. Pens made in ebonite become opaque because of the tendency of sulfur to rise to the surface. If exposed to sunlight the color tends to fade.

Storage

Very dark ventilated place.

Cleaning

Use a microfibre fabric (like those for eyeglasses) to polish. Afterwards a silicon sponge can be used.

Titanium

Chemical element with Symbol Ti, Atomic number 22, atomic weight 47.9. It has a density of 4,45 g/cm melting at 1680°C and boiling-point beyond 3000°C. After the second war, the creation of missiles and supersonic airplanes led to the search for metallic materials with specific features, the alloys and metals commonly used did not resist the high temperatures of the jet engines and the friction of the air at very high speed.

Titanium alloys, and metals commonly used did not resist the high temperatures of the jet engines and the friction of the air at very high speed.Titanium alloys, which are lighter than steel, but much more resistant, helped to overcome these difficulties. In addition, titanium is resistant to the corrosion of many acids, salt water, etc. This is why it is used for tubes and valves, for covering of chemical plants and for exposed part of ships.